News

Feb 21, 2019

According to a new analysis by Navigant about 21% hospitals in the rural areas are at high risk of closing due to their total operating margin, days cash on hand, and debt-to-capitalization ratio. The graveness of the situation increases all the more as 64 percent of these hospitals are considered "highly essential to the health and economic well-being of their communities."

Feb 21, 2019

Researchers discuss local case studies of leprosy the reference of risk factors and demographic information of sufferers. Using an electronic health record database, researchers identified nine patients with leprosy who were evaluated and treated at Mayo Clinic from 1994 to 2017. Common factors found in patients in the review include Micronesian lineage and extensive travel while being immunosuppressed.

Feb 21, 2019

Scientists have managed to restore hearing in an adult mouse model of DFNB9 deafness. Individuals with DFNB9 deafness are profoundly deaf as they are deficient in the gene coding for otoferlin, a protein which is essential for transmitting sound information at the auditory sensory cell synapses. By carrying out an intracochlear injection of this gene in an adult DFNB9 mouse model, the scientists successfully restored auditory synapse function and hearing thresholds to a near-normal level.

Journal Abstracts

Feb 20, 2019

Trine Apostolaki‐Hansson et al compared 90-day survival and functional outcome following non-Vitamin K Antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOAC)-intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), the most serious adverse effect of treatment with oral anticoagulants, with vitamin-K antagonists (VKA)-ICH. On the basis of the modified Rankin Scale (mRS), the estimated functional results at 90 days were compared with the ICH associated with VKA and NOAC using a chi-squared test. Participants in the study were 2483 patients (300 with NOAC-ICH and 2183 with VKA-ICH). Increased age and reduced level of consciousness were factors predicting death. No significant difference in mortality and functional outcome at 90 days was observed between NOAC-ICH vs VKA-ICH in this large study on anticoagulant-associated ICH.

Feb 20, 2019

Samantha K. Shirk, DO et al examined the initial hematocrit concentration in preterm births (23-34 weeks) in correlation with delayed clamping vs milking of the umbilical cord. In addition, they compared delayed with milking regarding the incidences of intraventricular hemorrhage, necrotizing enterocolitis, and need for transfusion. Outcomes suggest that to delayed cord clamping, milking the umbilical cord may be an acceptable alternative as it had similar effects on neonatal hematocrit concentrations and need for neonatal transfusions and had no increased risk for complications or neonatal morbidity. Milking of the umbilical cord seems to be an efficient and timely method that can provide increased blood volume to the infant.

Feb 20, 2019

Dr. Yaseen M. Arabi, M.D. et al sought to ascertain the incidence of deep-vein thrombosis among critically ill patients receiving pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis alone vs combined with adjunctive intermittent pneumatic compression. Findings revealed no significant difference in the incidence of proximal lower-limb deep-vein thrombosis between the two methods.

 

Recent Articles

Feb 21, 2019

The 10th Euro Breast Cancer Summit (Euro Breast Cancer 2019) scheduled during March 20- 21, 2019 in Paris, France. The Euro Breast Cancer Summit is an international podium, which encourages the young researchers by felicitating them with the Young Researcher/ Young Scientist awards. It aims to expose current and future trends, new techniques, epidemiology’s among peers, speakers, learning space for young researchers, and workshops.

Feb 21, 2019

New Danish research suggests that -- for some women at least -- acupuncture might bring relief. Acupuncture for menopausal symptoms is a realistic option for women who cannot or do not wish to use [hormone therapy] to ease hot flashes, sleep issues or mood swings, said a team led by KammaSundgaardLund, from the department of public health at the University of Copenhagen.

Feb 21, 2019

The 9th International Conference on COPD and Lungs to be held during August 19-20, 2019 in Singapore. This conference will be organized around the theme "Every breath counts: Halt the rise of COPD". It provides a platform that helps authors to share their knowledge with a wider audience and sustains a rapid process for submissions resulting in high-quality publications. The aim to contribute towards reducing the inequity in publications from low- and middle-income countries.

Clinical Research

Feb 19, 2019

National Institute of Mental Health is conducting an Observational study in about 250 participants with developmental delays or intellectual disabilities in adults between 12 and 21 years of age. They aim to develop a suicide risk screening tool for young adults. 

Feb 19, 2019

Tasly Pharmaceuticals is conducting a Interventional in 765 participants to screen eligible stable angina patients by exercise tolerance test, the patients eligible for the study will receive one of the three double-blind treatments: high dose T89, low dose T89 or placebo, in a 1:1:1 ratio.

Feb 19, 2019

Uppsala University is conducting an Observational Study in 30 participants to determine how biology of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors change over time. The researchers will assess it through patient symptoms, biochemistry and Scans. 

Feb 19, 2019

Novartis Pharmaceuticals is conducting a Non-Randomized Interventional Trial in about 61 participants in order to assess the Safety and Efficacy of Everolimus in Adult Patients With Progressive pNET in China. Patients will be administered 10 mg orally each day with appropriate knowledge of study treatment for self-administration at home. 

Feb 19, 2019

Aarhus University Hospital is conducting an Observational study in about 625 participants in order to use HR-pQCT techniques to look at the damage and disease activity progression in the hand and wrist joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The study duration involves a one year follow-up with scans of metacarpophalangeal joint and wrist.

Feb 19, 2019

The XEN1101 Phase 2 clinical trial is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study that will evaluate the clinical efficacy, safety, and tolerability of increasing doses of XEN1101 administered as adjunctive treatment in adult patients diagnosed with focal epilepsy.

 

Feb 19, 2019

Advanced Pediatric Emergency Medicine Assembly is scheduled to be conducted between March 19-21, 2019 in Disneyland, Anaheim, CA. This assembly focuses on Pediatric emergency education through specialists for pediatric emergency physicians to health care providers. 

Publications

Feb 21, 2019

Endodontology at a Glance, authored by Alix Davies, Frederico Foschi, and Shanon Patel is a practical and colourful introductory guide,which covers all the essential topics (diagnosis, endodontic therapy, pain management and outcome of treatment) as well as the recent developments that comprise the field of endodontology. It will be released in May 2019.

Feb 21, 2019

This revived volume of Pathology of Bladder Cancer is offered to present in detail description of histologic characteristics of bladder cancer in humans and animals. Areas of recent research advances that may extend our knowledge of the pathobiology of bladder cancer are emphasized. 

Feb 21, 2019

Gender is still a neglected field in psychopathology, and gender differences is often incorrectly used as a synonym of sex differences. This new book examines sex and gender differences in the causes and expression of medical conditions, including mental health disorders.

Feb 21, 2019

This issue of Surgical Clinics of North America focuses on Surgical Challenges of Foregut Malignancies edited by Dr. Sushanth Reddy, includes articles on topics like Molecular basis of gastric and esophageal tumors; Multidisciplinary therapy of gastric cancers; Management of early stage gastric and esophageal disease; What is the best operation for proximal gastric cancer and distal esophageal cancer?, etc.

Feb 21, 2019

The Pocket Field Guide for Disaster Health Professionals: Missioncraft in Disaster Relief is a disaster management toolkit containing briefing checklists, systems profiles, assessment forms, reporting templates, project management worksheets, and other tools required in the field. It also provides mission-critical technical reference information adapted from internationally recognized sources. 

Feb 20, 2019

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® is a leading peer-reviewed orthopaedic journal and a publication of The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons®. CORR® brings readers the latest clinical and basic research and informed opinions that shape today's orthopaedic practice, thereby providing an opportunity to practice evidence-based medicine.

Feb 20, 2019

This book is an unique but practical case-driven guide to a variety of pediatric dermatology diseases observed over long periods. It features a broad range of cases covering initial presentation during infancy and the subsequent developments of through childhood, adolescence and adulthood. Disease cases include papulosquamous disorder, hereditary cornification, exanthematous diseases and viral infections of the skin.

Videos

Feb 21, 2019

The talk focuses on explaining how an excessive focus on quality of evidence in the literature can mislead clinicians as to the value of nutritional therapy in the hospital setting, describing how strategies of nutritional therapy which support gut defenses and the intestinal microbiome are more likely to change clinical outcome.

Feb 21, 2019

Dr. Mahan Mathur from Yale Radiology discusses about current concepts of Conventional Radiography with respect to its diagnostic utility and updates in the field. 

Feb 21, 2019

The U.S. judge on Friday threw out the state of Maryland’s bid to protect the healthcare law known as Obamacare. In a win for the US President Donald Trump, the judge said that Maryland had failed to show that the Trump administration is likely to terminate enforcement of the 2010 law. The judge said that the claim made by Maryland Attorney General Brian Frosh, “consists of little more than supposition and conjecture about President Trump’s possible actions."

Feb 21, 2019

Oluwayemisi Adesida from LSU Health Shreveport has discussed about poisoning in Pediatric patients with respect to physical exam, clinical recognition, presenting signs, common therapies, prevention of poisoning, drug abuse, and role of Pediatrician in poisoning control. 

Case Studies

Feb 19, 2019

This is a case of a 31-year-old woman with a chondrosarcoma of the hyoid bone. The patient presented with a mass in the left submandibular region. Fine-needle aspiration cytology suggested chondroma, but further imaging investigation with CT revealed an exophytic tumor originating from the body of the hyoid bone. Histopathology of the surgical specimen confirmed the diagnosis of intermediate-grade chondrosarcoma.

Feb 19, 2019

This is a case of occult microscopic basal cell carcinoma arising in a lesion of seborrheic keratosis. There is a 0.8 × 0.7-cm well-defined, brown nodule on the right buttock.  By IHC report, they diagnosed it as a basal cell carcinoma. So, this case indicates that the basal cell carcinoma could arise from seborrheic keratosis and might help to clarify the origin of basal cell carcinoma.

Feb 19, 2019

This case report presents a well-functioning revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) who suffered a periprosthetic tibia fracture. Initial treatment with plating failed and the fracture had to be revised due to an infectious non-union with a multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis, and its eradication was complicated by septic loosening of the patient’s knee arthroplasty. After multiple revisions of the nonunion, a two-stage exchange arthroplasty with a partial replacement of the distal femur due to a bone defect was necessary.

Feb 19, 2019

A 64-year-old woman underwent spinal fusion surgery by the anterior and posterior approach for her scoliosis. She developed leg edema and right pleural effusion 2 months after the surgery. Laboratory findings showed decreased total protein and albumin levels in serum. The color of the thoracentesis sample was pinkish white, and the Triglyceride level in the pleural effusion was high. So, her leg edema was found to be associated with malnutrition and the pleural effusion was caused by chylothorax.