News

Sep 23, 2020

A recent study suggests that patients aged 75 and older who undergo cancer surgery have lower 90-day postoperative mortality when they receive geriatric co-management than when they don't. Researchers examined data on 1,892 patients 75 and older who had elective surgery with at least a one-day hospital stay at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City, including 1,020 patients who received geriatric co-management.

Sep 23, 2020

Researchers reported that Thoracoscopic surgical ablation for long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation was not superior to catheter ablation in freedom from arrhythmia of at least 30 seconds or burden reduction of at least 75%.  According to results from the CASA-AF trial presented at the virtual European Society of Cardiology Congress, catheter ablation resulted in better European Heart Rhythm Association scores for Atrial Fibrillation, more quality-adjusted life-years and lower total costs compared with surgical ablation.

Sep 22, 2020

Over the past two decades, physicians have relied on opioid medications to manage acute and chronic pain, especially in the postoperative setting. Mayo clinic has been aiming to identify solutions for this complex issue. The overall median quantity prescribed has decreased to 0 OME, and there was a significant decrease in prescribing within each tier in addition to each of the 21 individual procedures included. Overall guideline adherence was an impressive 90%.

Journal Abstracts

Sep 23, 2020

Arun Lal et.al. conducted a study to determine a  pre-operative investigation which accurately point out the patients who are going to develop severe disease. Hence this prospective study was done to identify whether preoperative bilirubin level can predict the severity of the disease. The researchers concluded that patients with appendicitis with elevated bilirubin levels have more chance for complications like perforation, gangrene and suppuration.

Sep 21, 2020

P.J. Pussinen et.al. conducted a study to investigate whether childhood clinical parameters indicative of oral infection/inflammation were associated with adulthood metabolic syndrome and its components. The researchers concluded that Childhood oral infection/inflammation was associated with adverse metabolic parameters and metabolic syndrome in adulthood.

Sep 18, 2020

Yao Lu et.al. conducted a study to  analyze and compare the clinical and functional outcomes of distal tibia fractures treated with intramedullary nailing using the suprapatellar and infrapatellar surgical approaches. The researchers concluded that in the treatment of distal tibia fractures, the suprapatellar intramedullary nailing technique is associated with a significantly higher functional outcome, lower knee pain, and lower rate of fracture deformity than the infrapatellar intramedullary nailing technique.

Recent Articles

Sep 23, 2020

Arun Lal et.al. conducted a study to determine a  pre-operative investigation which accurately point out the patients who are going to develop severe disease. Hence this prospective study was done to identify whether preoperative bilirubin level can predict the severity of the disease. The researchers concluded that patients with appendicitis with elevated bilirubin levels have more chance for complications like perforation, gangrene and suppuration.

Sep 23, 2020

Takeshi Ueda et.al. presented a case in which conservative treatment was achieved for an 83-year-old male patient with spontaneous pneumoperitoneum that probably occurred due to duodenal diverticulosis. He had stable vital signs and slight epigastric discomfort without any other signs of peritonitis. His medical course was uneventful, and pneumoperitoneum disappeared after 6 months.

Sep 22, 2020

A new research suggests that maintenance BCG may be better reserved for patients with high-risk nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer particularly those who did not experience major side effects from the initial induction course of BCG as they are most likely to experience a progression benefit. Dr. Boorjian notes, "These data are particularly relevant in an era of chronic BCG shortages, where judicious BCG use is paramount to maximizing access for patients most likely to benefit."

Clinical Research

Jun 01, 2020

The purpose of this study is to find the most effective dose of radiation therapy to give to breast tumors in a shorter period of time, prior to standard partial mastectomy/axillary surgery.

Jun 01, 2020

This research study is being done to understand how patients with chronic cancer pain take their long-acting opioid medications and to develop an intervention to enhance cancer pain management.

Feb 27, 2020

Christopher G. Brennan-Jones et.al. identified specific strategies which have shown effectiveness in reducing workplace noise. These include implementation of stricter legislation and also stress upon the need for training in the proper use of earplugs and earmuffs so as to reduce noise exposure to safe levels. 

Feb 27, 2020

Christopher G. Brennan-Jones et.al. identified specific strategies which have shown effectiveness in reducing workplace noise. These include implementation of stricter legislation and also stress upon the need for training in the proper use of earplugs and earmuffs so as to reduce noise exposure to safe levels. 

Feb 27, 2020

Daniel G. Whitney et.al. conducted a study to determine prevalence of major noncommunicable diseases in young adults with pediatric-onset disabilities and compared it in adults without pediatric onset disabilities. The researchers found that young adults with pediatric onset disabilities showed an early onset of several noncommunicable diseases. They were contributors to global and national burden of disease and mortality.

Jan 31, 2020

The purpose of this study is to compare standard occupational therapy to a combination of conventional (standard) and robotic therapy. The Reo Go device will provide robotic therapy that gives therapists a tool that could make stroke treatment faster and better by helping patients practice more accurate arm movements with help from the device.

Jan 31, 2020

This study investigates whether 1) Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) application using Super Floss can arrest and/or reverse initial interproximal caries on primary molars and 2) whether SDF applied with Super Floss is more effective in arresting or remineralizing initial interproximal lesion in comparison to SDF applied without Super Floss or fluoride varnish applied alone.

Publications

Jun 26, 2020

In patients with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), a once-daily oral regimen of ibrutinib and venetoclax was associated with deep molecular remissions in both bone marrow and peripheral blood, including in patients with high-risk disease, according to investigators in phase 2 CAPTIVATE MRD trial.

Jun 04, 2020

Georgios Tsakonas et.al. conducted a study to understand the alterations in gene expression in brain metastasis versus primary tumour as it may increase aggressiveness and impair therapeutic efforts. The researchers concluded  identified a unique gene downregulation pattern in brain metastases compared with primary tumours. This finding may explain the lower intracranial efficacy of systemic therapy, especially immunotherapy, in brain metastasis of patients with non–small-cell lung cancer. 

Jun 01, 2020

Advance in Cancer Prevention addresses all types of cancer, how cancer forms in the body, and their prevention. It focuses on Cancer Vaccines, Chemotherapy, Radioactive Iodine Therapy, Breast Reconstruction Surgery, Mammography, Chemoprevention, aromatase inhibitors, Scintimammography, Oncoplastic surgery, Sumoylation, Dietary Supplements, Cancer Screening, Cancer and Nutrition, Exercise and Cancer, Alternative Cancer Medicines, Stem cell transplants for cancer prevention, Naturopathic Treatments, Clinical Naturopathy, Cancer Prevention from nuts.

Jan 29, 2020

Promoting rational therapy within the discipline of cardiology, the American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs covers all aspects of the treatment of cardiovascular disorders, particularly the place in therapy of newer and established agents. Via a program of reviews and original clinical research articles, the journal addresses major issues relating to treatment of these disorders, including the pharmacology, efficacy and adverse effects of the major classes of drugs; information on newly developed drugs and drug classes. 

Jan 29, 2020

Journal of Diabetes Investigation is the core diabetes journal from Asia; the official journal of the Asian Association for the Study of Diabetes. The journal publishes original research, country reports, commentaries, reviews, mini-reviews, case reports, letters, as well as editorials and news. The Journal of Diabetes Investigation includes aspects of prevention, treatment, as well as molecular aspects and pathophysiology.

Jan 29, 2020

Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition focuses on new findings in hepatopancreatobiliary disease and nutrition, and to provide current and practical information on diagnosis, prevention and clinical investigations. Specific areas of interest include, but not limited to, surgical techniques, clinical and basic researches, transplantation and other therapies, NASH, NAFLD, targeted drug, gut microbiota, metabolism, cancer immunity, genomics, nutrition and dietetics, etc.

Jan 29, 2020

 

Applied Radiology publishes recent researchers, articles, abstracts, dialogues and discussions on Radiology. The articles are based on current concepts, studies as well as new breakthroughs in technology. Applied Radiology welcomes clinical review articles and radiological cases for publication.

Videos

Jul 17, 2020

As many as half of patients diagnosed with metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer will see their cancer spread to their brain. Though brain metastases, or "Brain Mets," are rare, they are exceedingly difficult to treat, so these patients experience poor outcomes. At this year’s ASCO meeting, Dr. Nancy Lin of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute presented promising results from the HER2CLIMB trial for these patients. In this video BCRF talks with Dr. Lin about her research focus, Brain Mets, and HER2CLIMB’s findings.

 

Jul 10, 2020

Watch Dr. Jamie Studts discuss the quality implementation of lung cancer screening and share his thoughts on optimizing community-based implementation.
 

Jul 03, 2020

 

This is a recording of the American Lung Association’s Lung Cancer Precision Medicine Summit which took place on June 18, 2020. Oncologists Dr. Erin Schenk and Dr. Ibiayi Dagogo-Jack discuss which precision medicine treatment is available for lung cancer patients and promising new research. Carly Ornstein, National Director of Lung Cancer Education, gives a high-level overview of precision medicine and discusses new resources.

Jul 03, 2020

 

This is a recording of the American Lung Association’s Lung Cancer Precision Medicine Summit which took place on June 18, 2020. Oncologists Dr. Erin Schenk and Dr. Ibiayi Dagogo-Jack discuss which precision medicine treatment is available for lung cancer patients and promising new research. Carly Ornstein, National Director of Lung Cancer Education, gives a high-level overview of precision medicine and discusses new resources.

Case Studies

Sep 23, 2020

Takeshi Ueda et.al. presented a case in which conservative treatment was achieved for an 83-year-old male patient with spontaneous pneumoperitoneum that probably occurred due to duodenal diverticulosis. He had stable vital signs and slight epigastric discomfort without any other signs of peritonitis. His medical course was uneventful, and pneumoperitoneum disappeared after 6 months.

Sep 22, 2020

A renogastric fistula is a rare complication defined by abnormal communication between the kidney and the stomach. Yassine Mellagui et.al. presented a case of a a patient admitted to the intensive care unit for hemorrhagic shock following upper gastrointestinal bleeding whose radiological investigations revealed a fistulated renal hematoma in the stomach.

Sep 21, 2020

Carlo Maiorana et.al. present a case of a  67-year-old female patient who presented with the chief complaint of tooth mobility, pain while chewing, masticatory limitations, and unsatisfying aesthetic appearance. This case describes the full-mouth rehabilitation of a partially edentulous patient seeking for a fixed rehabilitation adopting a multidisciplinary approach involving the oral surgeon, the orthodontist, and the prosthodontist.

Sep 18, 2020

Stavros Stamiris et.al. presented a case of a 42-year-old male who presented to the emergency department of our military hospital with reported mild low back pain, associated with numbness in his right leg below the knee, and ipsilateral complete foot drop that occurred during a military march. The case underlines the need for a high index of suspicion when dealing with cases of acute peroneal palsy without any accompanying symptoms.