Periprosthetic Tibial Fracture With Nonunion And Ascending Prosthetic Joint Infection

JOCR
13 Mar, 2019 ,

This case report presents a patient with a well-functioning revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) who suffered a periprosthetic tibia fracture. Initial treatment with plating failed and the fracture had to be revised due to an infectious non-union with a multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis, and its eradication was complicated by septic loosening of the patient’s knee arthroplasty. After multiple revisions of the nonunion, a two-stage exchange arthroplasty with a partial replacement of the distal femur due to a bone defect was necessary to obtain an acceptable result.

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Introduction: Periprosthetic fractures are severe injuries that demand the surgeon’s full expertise and special diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. A major complication is the occurrence of an infectious nonunion, including an ascending infection from the fracture site to the arthroplasty.
Case Report: This case report presents a patient with a well-functioning revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) who suffered a periprosthetic tibia fracture. Initial treatment with plating failed and the fracture had to be revised due to an infectious non-union with a multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis, and its eradication was complicated by septic loosening of the patient’s knee arthroplasty. After multiple revisions of the nonunion, a two-stage exchange arthroplasty with a partial replacement of the distal femur due to a bone defect was necessary to obtain an acceptable result.
Conclusion: The objective of this case report is to present an individual surgical strategy in a complex case of periprosthetic fracture and TKA with major complications. It is shown that the infection of the bone and implants is a challenging situation for surgical treatment. There is still no optimal management strategy due to missing standards as well as controversies in treatment.
Keywords: Periprosthetic fracture, infectious nonunion, total knee arthroplasty, revision surgery