Ergonomic Brace Wear for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

NIH Clinical Trials
16 Apr, 2019 ,

This study assesses the effectiveness of a new scoliosis brace design for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients, named Ergonomic Brace, by comparing the outcome with hard brace in terms of three aspects:

  1. To assess the efficacy in spinal correction
  2. To evaluate the improvement made to the body appearance of AIS subjects
  3. To evaluate the impacts on the quality of life (QoL) of AIS subjects

All participants will be fitted with an Ergonomic Brace and required to wear it during the days of experiment only. The ongoing treatment with hard brace will not be substituted with the Ergonomic Brace, unless its immediate treatment effect is equivalent to hard brace and with approval from the doctor

Source
Full content

1. To assess the efficacy in spinal correction

The efficacy of the Ergonomic Brace refers to the magnitude of spinal correction that could be obtained for patients with AIS. The assessments in this study focus on two aspects, which are i) the in-brace correction and ii) the interface pressure. In-brace correction is used to judge the quality of bracing and also a prognostic indicator for the long-term treatment outcome. Clinical parameters such as Cobb angle, vertebral rotation and trunk listing will be measured with radiographs by a single observer. Interface pressure in this study refers to the pressure between the brace and the trunk of subject. The purpose is to assess the time response of trunk to the intervention of the Ergonomic Brace, and correlation will also be made with the extent of spinal correction

2. To evaluate the improvement made to the body appearance of AIS subjects

The trunk aesthetic profile of AIS subjects are being affected by spinal deformities. Surface topography of the subjects will be captured by 3D body scanner, and followed by the evaluation of body aesthetics through the trunk asymmetry scales called POTSI and ATSI index. The purpose is to compare the surface topography change before and after wearing the Ergonomic Brace

3. To evaluate the impacts on the QoL of AIS subjects

Bracing can negatively affect the QoL of patients with AIS. The Chinese version of Brace Questionnaire (BrQ) will be adopted in this study to compare the impact of hard brace and Ergonomic Brace on the QoL of AIS subjects. Difficulties experienced by AIS subjects during bracing will be highlighted and used for future improvements in scoliosis brace design.