Impact of Hepatic and Renal Impairment on the Pharmacokinetics and Tolerability of Eliglustat Therapy for Gaucher Disease Type 1 Au

Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
19 Nov, 2019 ,

JingLi et.al. conducted a study to evaluate the effects of hepatic and renal impairment on pharmacokinetics and tolerability following a single 84-mg dose of eliglustat. The researchers concluded that Higher exposures of eliglustat at steady-state were predicted using a physiologically-based pharmacokinetic model after repeated 84-mg eliglustat doses.

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Eliglustat is a first-line oral therapy for adults with Gaucher disease type 1 (GD1) who have extensive (EM), intermediate (IM), or poor (PM) CYP2D6 metabolizer phenotypes. It was initially not recommended in GD1 patients with hepatic or renal impairment due to insufficient data.

Two Phase 1 studies (NCT02536937/NCT02536911) evaluated the effects of hepatic and renal impairment on pharmacokinetics and tolerability following a single 84-mg dose of eliglustat. Compared to matched healthy EM subjects (n = 7 for both studies), geometric means for eliglustat maximum concentration (Cmax) and area under the plasma concentration versus time curve extrapolated to infinity (AUC) were not substantially different in EMs with mild hepatic impairment (n = 6), higher in EMs with moderate hepatic impairment (n = 7), and similar in EMs with severe renal impairment (n = 7).

Higher exposures of eliglustat at steady-state were predicted using a physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model in EMs with mild or moderate hepatic impairment compared with normal hepatic function after repeated 84-mg eliglustat doses. Higher exposures of eliglustat were also predicted in EMs with mild hepatic impairment after coadministration with a CYP2D6 or CYP3A inhibitor with repeated doses. Based on these results, the eliglustat drug label was revised for patients with hepatic or renal impairment.