Postoperative Complications in Combined Gynecologic, Plastic, and Breast Surgery

The Breast Journal
11 Jul, 2019 ,

Sarah E. Tevis MD et al examined outcomes of patients undergoing single vs multi-site surgery in a large national surgical database in order to assess how the addition of a gynecologic and/or plastic reconstructive procedure to breast surgery influence the risk of postoperative complications and re-admissions. The analysis revealed a significantly longer length of stay, higher complication, readmission, and reoperation rates among patients undergoing coordinated procedures vs those who underwent single-site surgery. In addition, greater postoperative complications were reported among patients with surgery for breast cancer, either with a plastic or gynecologic procedure. Delays in adjuvant therapy may occur in correlation to higher complication rates for those with coordinated operationsHence recommendations for discussions regarding the indications for simultaneous surgery are made.

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Abstract

Patients undergoing the addition of a contralateral prophylactic mastectomy with unilateral breast cancer have an increased and potentially doubled post‐operative complication rate. One documented detriment from post‐operative complications is the potential delay in initiating adjuvant therapy. To determine if the addition of a gynecologic and/or plastic reconstructive procedure to breast surgery results in an increased risk of postoperative complications and re‐admissions, we evaluated outcomes in patients undergoing single vs multi‐site surgery in a large national surgical database. We utilized the National Surgery Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database to identify patients who underwent breast surgery between 2011 and 2015. We extracted patients who underwent prophylactic oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy as a comparison group. Chi square analysis was used to assess postoperative outcomes including complications, readmission, and reoperation. All statistics were performed in SPSS v. 24. During the study timeframe, 77 030 patients had a solitary or combined breast surgical procedure and a second cohort of 124 patients underwent gynecologic surgery. Breast cancer patients who did not have a simultaneous reconstruction or gynecologic procedure were older with more comorbidities. Patients undergoing coordinated procedures had a significantly longer length of stay, higher complication, readmission, and reoperation rates (P < 0.001 for all) as compared with patients who underwent single site surgery. Patients with surgery for breast cancer, either with a plastic or gynecologic procedure, have greater postoperative complications. Higher complication rates for those with coordinated operations may lead to delays in adjuvant therapy and discussions regarding the indications for simultaneous surgery are recommended.