A Canadian study in Osteoporosis International suggests that Celiac disease is associated with major osteoporotic fracture independent of fracture risk assessment tool score. During the study, the proportion of people in each cohort who experienced one or more major osteoporotic fractures was the same - 8.4% -- even though the celiac disease group was younger, with a greater proportion of men.
According to a new randomized study from Australia, consuming more milk, cheese, or yogurt might be a simple, low-cost way to boost bone health and prevent some falls and fractures in older people living in long-term care facilities. The researchers randomized 60 old-age institutions to provide residents with their usual menus or a diet with more milk, cheese, or yogurt, for 2 years.
A clinical trial suggests that people with knee osteoarthritis who take daily turmeric capsules feel less pain in the knee joint than their peers who don't take this supplement. "The moderate effect we found in our trial from a short-term study is reassuring for turmeric as a treatment option," said senior study author Dr Benny Eathakkttu Antony of the Menzies Institute for Medical Research at the University of Tasmania in Hobart, Australia.
Children who take oral steroids to treat asthma or autoimmune diseases have an increased risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, and blood clots, according to Rutgers researchers. Their new study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, examined the records of more than 933,000 US children from ages 1 to 18 with or without autoimmune diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease, juvenile arthritis or psoriasis. Among those without an autoimmune disease, about two in three children who received prescriptions for steroids had evidence of asthma.
Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, Fondazione Santa Lucia IRCCS, and Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Rome have shown that pharmacological (drug) correction of the content of extracellular vesicles released within dystrophic muscles can restore their ability to regenerate muscle and prevent muscle scarring (fibrosis). The study, published in EMBO Reports, reveals a promising new therapeutic approach for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), an incurable muscle-wasting condition, and has far-reaching implications for the field of regenerative medicine.
New research from King's College London has found that COVID-19 may be diagnosed on the same emergency scans intended to diagnose stroke. The findings have important implications in the management of patients presenting with suspected stroke through early identification of COVID-19. A recent study found that the emergency scans captured images of the top of the lungs where a fluffiness known as 'ground-glass opacification' allowed COVID-19 to be diagnosed.
A study found a link between carotid artery calcification observable in radiographs and coronary artery disease as well as several oral infections. The calcification of the carotid artery is a sign of advanced arteriosclerosis, which may be associated with chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) and can lead to death. Such calcification can be seen in regular oral panoramic radiography.
CDC Director Robert R. Redfield, MD, said on Wednesday that A COVID-19 vaccine will not be “generally available” to the American public until 2021. Redfield said it will be up to the CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices how the vaccine is prioritized. Health care personnel, essential workers and patients in long-term care facilities have been mentioned as priority groups likely to receive a vaccine first.
According to researchers, primary care physicians’ and sleep specialists’ adherence to recommendations for diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea was “fair with low failure rates,” However, they said efforts are needed to improve diagnostic success rates and reduce unnecessary testing. “Primary care physicians already do a lot in terms of providing comprehensive care,” researchers said. “Most of the responsibility falls upon sleep providers to help disseminate education on the AASM guidelines.”
According to findings published September 16 in The New England Journal of Medicine, nocturnal oxygen therapy for patients with COPD and isolated nocturnal oxygen desaturation does not improve survival or delay disease progression. "There is no indication that nocturnal oxygen has a positive or negative effect on survival or progression to long-term oxygen therapy in patients with nocturnal hypoxemia in COPD. Consequently, there is no reason for physicians to screen for nocturnal hypoxemia in COPD," said the study leader Yves Lacasse