Research Desk

Apr 11, 2019

The corneal triple procedure, either combined or staged, has undergone significant evolution in the past several decades, according to a speaker here. Today, penetrating keratoplasty is no longer used for most corneal replacement surgery because we have better techniques and layer-specific keratoplasty. Instead, we do a DSAEK or DMEK triple, and these procedures are extremely successful. A DMEK triple is the most commonly used procedure in my practice, according to Dr.Sadeer Hannush, MD.

Apr 11, 2019

Pregnant women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who take vedolizumab (VDZ) seem to be at low risk for adverse events, but a higher rate of spontaneous abortions in those taking the drug argue for a larger study with longer follow-up, researchers say.

"Management of IBD during pregnancy is challenging, as it strongly influences the course of pregnancy," Dr. Ariella Bar-Gil Shitrit of the Shaare Zedek Medical Center, in Jerusalem, told Reuters Health by email. "We present novel and promising results" regarding VDZ's safety.

Dr. Shitrit and colleagues analyzed data from 390 women with IBD (mean age, 30), including 24 treated with VDZ (mean years of disease, 9.1), 82 treated with anti-tumor necrosis factors (mean years of disease, 8.3) and 284 who received conventional therapy with 5-aminosalicylic acid agents and thiopurines (mean years of disease, 7.7).

Apr 11, 2019

Imagine that HIV is a sealed tin can: if you opened it, what would you find inside? For the first time, scientists have visualized what the 'open can' of the human immunodeficiency virus looks like, revealing a previously unknown virus shape and a very detailed image of the vulnerabilities of the virus.

Apr 11, 2019

A deep learning model trained on more than 1.5 million electrocardiograms and developed by a team at the Mayo Clinic improved detection rates for hyperkalemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a recent study. Hyperkalemia—the presence of abnormally high potassium levels in a patient’s blood—is common in sufferers of CKD, senior author Paul A. Friedman, MD, of the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine at the Mayo Clinic, and colleagues wrote in JAMA. Serum potassium monitoring can reduce the risk of hyperkalemia by more than 70%, but guideline-directed monitoring is “severely underused” in clinical practice.

Apr 10, 2019

Online Child Abuse is an increasing and serious issue in today's day.  a U.S.-based not-for-profit set up by Hollywood actors Ashton Kutcher and Demi Moore tackling the problem has now received funding from eBay billionaire Jeff Skoll. This is a huge step as it will give their campaign more exposure and help it in reaching out to massess worldwide. 

Apr 10, 2019

According to a new study, use of sleep tablets especially in older hypertensive patients showed increase in the use of anti-hypertensives subsequently. These results are an important insight as a large amount of geriatric population suffers from hypertension as well as sleep related issues. 

Apr 10, 2019

The USFDA has approved humanized monoclonal antibody romosozumab for management of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women especially who have a history of osteoporotic fracture or are at multiple risk factors for fracture. The dose recommendations of romosozumab consists of two injections, one immediately following the other, given once a month.

Apr 10, 2019

According to a recent study, PET imaging results in more accurate diagnoses and early patient management strategies in patients showing early signs of dementia. Researchers added that the proportion of people suspected of having Alzheimer disease who were amyloid negative and thus PET forms a reliable alternative. 

Apr 10, 2019

New research shows that teeth whitening products might also be causing tooth damage. In three new studies, researchers found that hydrogen peroxide, the active ingredient in over-the-counter whitening strips, can damage the protein-rich dentin tissue found beneath the tooth's protective enamel.

Apr 10, 2019

Researchers in Japan found that patients with localized prostate cancer seemed to have a lower risk of developing a subsequent primary cancer when treated with carbon-ion radiotherapy (CIRT) than with photon beam RT or surgery.