Research Desk

Oct 19, 2019

The present study evaluated solid indeterminate nodules with radiological stability suggesting benignity (SINRSBs) through a texture analysis of computed tomography (CT) images. A total of 100 chest CT scans were evaluated, including 50 cases of SINRSBs and 50 cases of malignant nodules. kurtosis (KUR), skewness (SKW), and histogram shape can help to noninvasively diagnose SINRSBs but should not be used alone or without considering clinical data.

Oct 17, 2019

The aim of the present study was to develop a knee size-independent parameter that is suitable for pediatric or small knees and determines the malpositioning of the distal patellar tendon insertion solely utilizing tibial landmarks.  The tibial tubercle posterior cruciate ligament distance (TTPCL)/tibial head diameter (THD) index represents a novel knee size-independent measure describing malpositioning of the distal patellar tendon insertion determined solely by tibial landmarks.

Oct 17, 2019

Researchers attempted to develop a novel rechargeable orthodontic cement with nanoparticles of calcium fluoride (nCaF2) to provide long-term and high levels of F release, and to investigate F recharge and physical and cytotoxic properties. They succeeded in developing it with clinically acceptable enamel SBS, good biocompatibility, and sustained F ion recharge and re-release that were 1.8 folds that of a commercial RMGI.

Oct 17, 2019

A retrospective, single-center, cross-sectional study on 72 estrogenized transgender women aimed to characterized spermatogenesis in them. It concluded that, spermatogenesis is preserved in approximately 40% of these individuals. Duration of hormonal therapy did not affect the degree of preservation of germ cells or spermatogenesis but starting hormonal treatment at a younger age may be associated with decreased germ cells in the testicle. The volume of testicles predict presence of preserved spermatogenesis.

Oct 17, 2019

In a cohort study of 82 232 participants, personality traits in adolescence were a factor associated with incident dementia almost 5 decades later in a national US cohort. Calm and mature adolescents were less likely to develop dementia, and this risk reduction was significantly more pronounced with higher socioeconomic status.

Oct 17, 2019

The National Inpatient Sample from 2010 to 2014 for patients who underwent stomach, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, colon, and rectum, or hernia (general surgery), prostate or kidney (urologic surgery), and ovarian or uterine surgery (gynecologic surgery) was scrutinized. The findings suggest that use of robotics in general surgery is independently associated with use in urologic and gynecologic surgery at a hospital, suggesting that institutional factors are important drivers of use when considering laparoscopy versus robotics in general surgery.

Oct 17, 2019

Electronic health record (EHR) enhancements in a large urban ED identifies both newly diagnosed acute and chronically HIV-infected persons. Identification of previously diagnosed patients offers an opportunity to relink them to care.

Oct 16, 2019

Through exome sequence analysis of an individual with macular telangiectasia type 2 and his family members, experts recognized a variant in SPTLC1 encoding a subunit of serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT). Ten supplementary individuals with HSAN1 for the ophthalmologic disease were investigated. Risk factors for macular telangiectasia type 2 as well as for peripheral neuropathy were found out to be raised levels of atypical deoxysphingolipids, caused due to variant SPTLC1 or SPTLC2 or by low serine levels.

Oct 16, 2019

Mohammad-Reza Sedaghat, MD et al assessed the longitudinal changes in epithelial thickness after PRK and correlate these with refractive changes. Investigators found that the epithelial thickening pattern was markedly reduced at 1 month after PRK, with a gradual thickening at 3 and 6 months. The epithelial thickness and spherical equivalent changes were only important for the para-central peripheral zone.

Oct 16, 2019

Ying L.Liu et al recognized women with recurrent ovarian cancer (OC) who received immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) from 01/2013 to 5/2017 and ≥ 1 following treatment in order to assess the influence of ICIs on following therapies and survival in recurrent OC. A total of 66 of 79 assessable women recognized had platinum-resistant OC. Taxanes, platinum-based regimens, and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin were the most prevalent therapies following ICI. In 47 women, bevacizumab was used. Median OS following ICI was 18.3 months, which did not vary between long vs short ICI. Thus, therapies following ICI led to assuring survival in this profoundly pretreated population of individuals with recurrent OC, implying that ICI may improve the efficiency of the following chemotherapy.