Research Desk

Aug 08, 2017

SertoliLeydig Cell Tumors SLCTs make up lt1 of all ovarian tumors and are benign or malignant androgensecreting tumors Rhabdomyosarcoma RMS is a heterogeneous group of malignant tumors that resemble developing skeletal muscle There have been case reports of patients with concurrent SLCT and RMS with limited treatment optionsnbsp

Aug 08, 2017

Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation CCAM is a rare malformation with unknown causes that affects distal bronchi It accounts for 25 of congenital pulmonary malformations and most cases are found in neonates and babies It yields single or multiple cysts in different locations with ipsilateral or even mediastinal pulmonary compression The clinical manifestations are respiratory distress and recurrent pulmonary infectionnbsp

Aug 08, 2017

Infections of primate erythroparvovirus 1 also known as parvovirus B19 are responsible for erythema infectiosum polyarthropathy syndromes and transient aplastic crisis in patients with underlying hemolytic disorder in both adults and children Among adults more than 50 have contracted the virus with a lifelong maintenance of immunity Maternal infection with parvovirus B19 during pregnancy can cause severe anemia which might lead to nonimmune fetal hydrops and fetal death

Aug 08, 2017

Mycobacterium chelonaenbspis a nontuberculous mycobacterium that belongs to the subclass of rapidly growing mycobacteria It has been reported to cause surgical wound infections such as keratitis following laserassisted in situ keratomileusis ndash usually presenting 10 or more days after the procedurenbspM chelonaenbspis most often associated with both pulmonary and disseminated disease

Aug 08, 2017

Since dystonia syndromes arise from multiple etiologies study of hemiinvolvement potentially can offer insights into its pathophysiology With neuroimaging techniques such as diffusion tractography DT to assess structure and magnetoencephalography MEG to describe brain function pathway connectivity can be studied for a better understanding of dystonia mechanisms The former utilizes multidirectional gradients of magnetic fields to assess diffusion of water molecules and eventually help define tracts of white matternbsp

Aug 07, 2017

Hypocalcemia is one of the most frequent complications after thyroidectomy and is related to the accidental removal of the parathyroid glands vascular pedicle damage extensive surgical procedure and hyperthyroidismThe purpose of this article is to report a late case of hypocalcemia after 42 months of total thyroidectomy in patients with serious disease which showed hypocalcemia

Aug 07, 2017

An enterogenous cyst is a rare entity categorized as an intestinal cyst In most cases enterogenous cysts are seen in the mediastinum peritoneal cavity spinal canal subarachnoid space and cerebral ventriclenbsp

Aug 07, 2017

Fumarate hydratase FH deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder which results in a major defect in cellular metabolism It presents in infancy with progressive encephalopathy hypotonia seizures and failure to thrive and is often fatal in childhood It is caused by mutations in thenbspFHnbspgene 1q421 that result in deficiency of the citric acid cycle enzyme fumarate hydratase resulting in accumulation of fumaric acid Heterozygous germline mutations in thenbspFHnbspgene predispose to an aggressive autosomal dominant inherited earlyonset kidney cancer syndrome hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer HLRCCnbsp

Aug 07, 2017

A mediastinal air cyst is a rare computed tomography CT finding Once the lesion is identified it is difficult to diagnose and treat Meanwhile bronchial diverticula have been reported as a CT finding observed in certain pulmonary pathologic conditions The authors encountered the case of an enlarged mediastinal air cyst accompanied with bronchial diverticula and upper lobedominant fibrous changes of the lungnbsp

Aug 07, 2017

Pectus excavatum PE is the most common congenital deformity of the anterior chest wall with male predominance Surgical correction with modified Ravitch or Nuss technique is sometimes performed but recurrent PE is not uncommonWe report a case of young man with recurrent PE after the first surgical correction at the age of 3 He presented with palpitation and his electrocardiogram ECG showed STsegment elevation on the right precordial leads which could be mistaken for a Brugada syndrome BrS